A few days ago, Patrick Kwinten, asked for help on his blog. He wanted to find a polling/survey application that he could use with Notes & Domino to embed a real-time poll into his blog. One person responded with a mention of a free voting xPage custom control available on OpenNTF.
Today, I had a similar need for a quick poll that I wanted to post on my Notes on Productivity blog. I took a look at the OpenNTF Voting custom control and liked what I saw. Unfortunately, I did not have the expertise to integrate it into my blog so I turned to Google for help. What I found was WidgetBox. Using WigetBox, I was able to quickly define my polls and embed them into my DominoBlog site using HTML. Once I had everything working I paid the $3.99 to sign up for the monthly service, which allowed me to disable the annoying ads and download links. It works.
I would really prefer to find a Notes/Domino solution to manage my web polls and surveys - I don't like having data floating on (and dependent upon) third party sites. Also, I really like being able to manage everything in Notes. But, WidgetBox did the job.
I'll keep looking for a Notes/Domino solution that I can use to create polls/surveys and embed them into my blog. Meanwhile, here's a link to my first on-line poll created with WidgetBox.
I've blogged about different forms of visualization tools that can be used to help people understand a concept better. (Graphic example). Matt McKeon has put together this awesome chart which helps visualize the Evolution of Privacy on Facebook. It's worth studying for the privacy implications as well as the method of display.
Many years ago, my very good friend, Tanny O'Haley, helped me create several web sites, based on Steve Castledine's DominoBlog template. DominoBlog is so good that IBM made it a part of the standard Domino templates. Unfortunately, many of the coolest features were rinsed away during the blue wash which is why I decided to stick with the classic. My friend, Greg Fisk, did the graphic work and Tanny worked tirelessly to help me create and launch several Domino-based web sites, including: ICA, eProductivity, EricMackOnLine, NotesOnProductivty, InSide.eProductivity, and a few others, that you will learn about, soon.
One of the non work-related sites that Tanny generously created for me was a blog for our family and homeschool. That was over 5 years ago, and several projects got moved in front of launching the blog site, so the database sat empty. Over the years, many of the family posts that would have made it into the family site ended up getting posted to my personal blog. This week, Amy and Wendy helped me migrate content and populate the site and test the new MackAcademy blog and this evening the site went live. My wife and younger daughters are also excited about the idea of having a blog to post to, so it truly is a family event.
We still have some work to do to fix a few broken links and missing images but the site is up and Amy and Wendy are the new web masters. It's a great way to teach them more about Notes and Domino (which they have been using since age 3, anyway) and give them exposure to social network tools.
I look forward to seeing where they take the site.
A big thanks to Tanny and Steve, for their help and support over the years as I routinely called with a question or feature request or tiny "improvement idea" that would take hours to implement. I could not have done this without their help. Thanks, guys.
I'm in the final few weeks of my graduate studies in Knowledge Management and I've decided to cut back on Internet, email, and a few other activities in order to focus on my final project. So, last week I put my email in the hands of my capable team and with the exception of blogging The National Knowledge Management Conference at Pepperdine University, I plan to be mostly off-line until late August.
Last December, I received this engraved Road ID goals bracelet. In 2008, I made great progress on items 1-3. That leaves only 'Buy a Mac' and 'Visit New Zealand.' Perhaps this will be the year for those two.
For now, I've just returned from a very successful Lotusphere 2009, where David Allen and I gave a presentation. I now have 1000 accumulated emails to process (I've already deleted the easy & obvious stuff), several hundred new business cards & leads to deal with, and a list of Lotusphere 2009 blog topics to edit and post.
The eProductivity Beta is done. I am now conducting workgroup pilots. We completed the eProductivity Beta earlier this month and we are now deep into the eProductivity workgroup pilot program. This is where I work with productivity-minded individuals and workgroups to show them how to use eProductivity to get things done, using Lotus Notes. The feedback has been excellent. Most surprising is how many people - even those with little or no awareness of David Allen's GTD methodology are able to quickly pick up and use the many eProductivity features we have created. That's my definition of a successful productivity tool!
There seems to be a real need to a way to quickly and easily link actions, emails, and calendar entries to projects - all of which we do quite well.
I plan to keep things under wraps (e.g. I'm holding off on the web site launch) for a while longer so that I can focus on the workgroup pilot and collect the valuable feedback that our pilot program members have been so generous to share. No need for the distraction of a public launch until I'm really ready to open the flood gates. Already, it's daunting to keep up with the requests from people that want to join the eProductivity pilot program. (If you have a productivity-minded team of 10-15 people that are serious about getting things done with Lotus Notes, let me know. I have a few more slots for groups I can work with.)
I'm on an Internet diet, and it's working In an effort to keep my easily-distracted brain on-task, I have temporarily eliminated all non-purpose-specific Internet web surfing and Internet news from my daily diet and reducing my RSS consumption to a few key sites just a few times a week. It's given me an amazing productivity boost.
So, great things on the horizon. I'll be back, to my blogging in February - unless my children's robotics team wins the state competition, in which case I'll be back, as a proud father, to share their accomplishment.
Michael Dolan, a colleague at the David Allen Company, is now blogging! I first met Michael in October of 2001, when he worked at Clorox. He contacted me to inquire about eProductivity for Lotus Notes.
A few years later, Michael joined the staff at The David Allen Company where he is one of the GTD coaches for David Allen. Since then, Michael and I have traded ideas and discussed our passion for getting things done with technology.
I'm delighted to see that Michael's now blogging and I look forward to what I'm certain will be informative posts.
While Skype takes a PR hit for their outage, there are some good stories to share...
It's 4:45 AM. and I'm wrapping up a 3-way Skype voice+text meeting with my overseas development team; we're working on the next code release for eProductivity. My counterpart and I are using Lotus Notes for real-time management of the project and code releases. He's coding and I'm replicating every few minutes to test the latest code. Thanks to Lotus Notes, moving code changes is simply a click of the replicate button. The coming together of Skype for voice + IM and the ease of use of Notes as a distributed development platform facilitates collaboration at a level that was not possible (or at least affordable) just a few years ago. (Yes, I know that SameTime does Video and Audio; it even runs very well in my test lab. Unfortunately, I've not worked out the issues to get it to work in the real world yet. Fortunately, for high quality audio over IP, there's Skype. It simply works.)
We've been on phone - oops, Skype - for 6 hours with impeccable call quality. Between, Skype for Voice, SameTime for collaboration, and Lotus Notes I'm getting more done in new ways with people I would have found it difficult to communicate and collaborate with before. I suppose the only missed opportunity was that we did not use video. Perhaps next time.
It was a successful meeting and we are one step away from the next code release. I'm tired.
I've been very slow at blogging. Client work and this new product development has required a lot of my attention in addition to my graduate studies and public speaking. I've got a lot going on. Now, more than ever, I appreciate the power of a good productivity tool kit.
I recently took the digital sandbox on the road and I've got two very interesting podcasts coming up: the first, with my friend and colleague, Kelly Forrister and the second with another good friend, Marc Orchant. Kelly and I will talk about how I use the Lenovo X61 Tablet PC, and Marc and I will talk about what's in his gadget bag. Stay tuned...
If so, you can stop reading now. For the rest of us - perhaps less fit or less effective - there's much that we can do to improve our performance.
As I thought about what I wanted to write in this post, I kept coming back to these words from inside the jacket of a book, called The Power of Full Engagement, by Jim Loehr and Tony Schwartz:
We live in digital time. Our pace is rushed, rapid-fire, and relentless. Facing crushing workloads, we try to cram as much as possible into every day. We're wired up, but we're melting down. Time management is no longer a viable solution. ...managing energy, not time, is the key to enduring high performance as well as to health, happiness, and life balance.
The number of hours in a day is fixed, but the quantity and quality of energy available to us is not. This fundamental insight has the power to revolutionize the way you live your life...
I'm ready for the kind of change that insight can bring...
This has been a busy summer. After 26 days on the road in July, with very few breaks in between, it feels great to be home at last. I'm even more thankful than before that I get to work from home most of the time. My month began in Ojai with The David Allen Company staff meeting, followed by a week at the NASA Conference on Knowledge Management, back to Ojai to work with David's team again, and then to Long Beach to work with my colleague and Personal KM expert, Steve Barth on our upcoming presentation for KM World. Yes, it's true, I celebrated my birthday with Steve. The folks at The Brain sent me an interesting birthday card in a mind map and Michael smelled cake. Fortunately, I was able to link up with my family at church between locations. My wife kept me going with calls and quick meetings to exchange suitcases. (Thanks, Kathy!) Fortunately, Kathy and the girls were able to join me in Pasadena for the NASA KM Conference and the JPL Tour.
I have no plans to repeat a month like this one anytime soon -- I don't know how road warriors like David Allen or Jason Womack do it. It's certainly not a lifestyle I would want for myself. I'm glad it's over. I have some travel coming up, but no marathons for a while.
I tried to blog the NASA KM conference and managed to get 30 posts. [Click on "Knowledge Management" to see all posts for that category.] I still have about 20 draft posts from the other events during the month along with several podcasts, including Jason Womack, Marc Orchant and Kelly Forrister. (Marc and Kelly celebrated July Birthdays with me, as did Bruce.). I even have a few podcasts and posts from my Boston trip to the Enterprise 2.0 Conference. [Click on "Enterprise 2.0" to see all posts for that category.] I'll try to review these and post them in the coming week. So, if it seemed like my blogging was sporadic or that I dropped discussions mid-stream (e.g. a discussion about GTD 2.0), I did.
My dear friend, Michael Sampson, wrote a beautiful post today to share his testimony of how God is taking care of his needs. It's a must read.
I don't want to add or detract from his beautiful post so I'll simply say "Thank you, Michael, for sharing your testimony and for encouraging us to remember the source from which all good things come."
God is good.
Michael, you've encouraged me to be more bold in recording and sharing my own testimony.
Inspired by Bob Walsh and his excellent MicroISV and Clear Blogging books, I've decided to launch a new blog to record and share my journey creating a MicroISV to launch the public version of the eProductivity template for Lotus Notes and GTD. I wrote the first version of the template in the late 90's and arrived at a version I liked around the turn of the century (that just sound cool, doesn't it?). This project has been percolating and, in some cases, calling to me, ever since.
So what do I plan to blog about? I plan to blog about the process of starting a MicroISV (a very small, efficient, independent, internet-based, software company, not owned by Microsoft) and the lessons I learn along the way.
Why do I want to blog about starting a MicroISV? I have six reasons; here they are:
February must be the month for career moves. Last week, Hobie Swan announced that he was leaving MindJet to work at Healthwise. A big loss for MindJet, and a certain gain for Hobie and Healthwise. Hobie's been a great champion of mind mapping and MindManager and he's also been strong supporter and sponsor of our US First Robotics team. Knowing Hobie, I'm sure we'll hear from him - the inner blogger is hard to keep quiet. Hobie, I wish you the best.
Last night, Michael Sampson called me to share that, after much consideration and prayer, he decided to resign from Foldera. Foldera's loss will be a big gain to the collaboration community. Like so many, I have missed Michael's regular in-depth insights on collaboration and technology during these past nine months.. I look forward to seeing (or reading) what's next for Michael. [If you have time, read some of the comments on Michael's blog.] Best of success to you, Michael!
Yesterday, I complained to my friend, Bruce Elgort, about the lack of new Taking Notes podcasts. Bruce promptly sent me a link to this weekend's Taking Notes podcast, an outstanding interview with Thomas Gumz. Apparently, I was behind the times, having just returned from a few days working with David Allen and the GTD delivery staff in Ojai. (More on that later.)
This afternoon, I loaded the podcast in my new iPod shuffle - the one with the engraved words "Eric loves all things Mac(k)" - courtesy of Michael Sampson, and headed out, snow shovel in hand, to clear my driveway and locate my car.
If you are in any way involved with the Lotus Notes Admin/Developer community, you owe it to yourself to check out Taking Notes. Bruce and his partner, Julian Robichaux do a great job with their interviews; always interesting people and interesting topics. And, the quality of their podcasts is improving with each episode.
While I'm on this topic, I'd like to publicly thank Bruce and Julian for their dedication and contribution to the Notes community. Their tireless efforts to promote, educate, and build a community resource is greatly appreciated.
Taking Notes is one of the few podcasts on my iTunes list.
I enjoy reading the comments and private email from people who read my blog. The number of people who post or send email is relative small, however, compared to the number of people who visit the site daily or subscribe my RSS feed. I've maintained communications with several people who have posted on my blog and a few friendships have developed as a result.
I was intrigued by Inspired by Roger Johanson's post on 456 Berea Street in which he asked his readers who they are and what they want to read about. So, borrowing from Roger's 5 questions, I'd like to ask you, my loyal readers, the same five questions:
1. Who are you (name and occupation)? 2. Where are you from? 3. How long have you been visiting this site? 4. Have you posted a comment here before? 5. What would you like to read more (or less) about here on Eric Mack On-Line?
Answer the questions you feel like answering. But please do post a comment!
Yup folks, you heard right. I'm going Dell. There's a brown box in the corner of my office about to be opened for my new computing platform. Here's to (hopefully) super-reliable computing going forward, and thus higher productivity. Onwards and upwards!
P.S. Please don't tell Eric. Shhhh! I'll never hear the end of it.
...you do realize it’s only a joke, right? It’s what we all WISH we could do, but can’t.
Despite the fact that Robert and I and other have pointed out that this was a tongue-in-cheek post in the comment threads, many bloggers have not taken the time to read the comments and are blogging away with their thoughts and ideas on the merits or demerits of deleting any email that will take longer than 2 minutes to handle.
For the record, I am NOT advocating that anyone summarily delete emails that they think take longer than 2 minutes to process.
Bruce and Julian recently celebrated the one-year anniversary of the Taking Notes Podcast, a regular podcast focused on Lotus Notes for the developer community. Even if you are not a developer, you'll find valuable information in each podcast.
My buddy, Michael Sampson, the new World-Wide Director of something or other, blogs that Foldera has starting the public beta of their web-based organizer and messaging/collaboration service.
... [Foldera's] web-based solution can save time and boost productivity for a range of businesses and enterprises. Foldera's user-friendly solution uses proprietary intelligent "Activity Folders" to automatically and instantly sort and file emails, instant messages, tasks, documents and calendar events.
Seriously, I know it's become the mantra of the decade, but who wouldn't want to save some time and boost productivity? I've not worked with the product yet so I cannot make an specific comments, yet. Continue Reading "Foldera Lives!" »
Tanny and I are testing VLOG (Video Blog) posts on my blog, something I started experimenting with 2 years ago. I've posted this video so that we can begin to test some new code that Tanny's preparing that will allow me to quickly and easily make VLOG (Video Blog) posts.
This video, for the Sampson children, is of a robotics challenge I gave my children, two weeks ago. The goal was to build and program a tracked robot to run a basic course around our robotics playing field.
Two weeks ago, I asked for help posting a flash video movie inside of a web page. There are many ways to do this, and I've successfully used some of them in the past. The problem was that they required that I paste or edit many lines of code for each video clip. I wanted something that would let me do this in one line. I plan to start posting videos and screen movies regularly and I know that if it isn't easy to do, I won't do it.
My colleague, Tanny O'Haley, has been busy working on a series of impressive new site designs for several of the web sites I am preparing to launch, soon.
We decided to use this blog as a playground for some of the technology behind the web site. I told Tanny that I wanted to end up with an additional column on the right so that I could add dynamic content in the future; otherwise, he was free to do whatever he wanted with the existing site design.
Today, Tanny flipped the switch on a redesign for this site. The new design should be much more browser friendly across all current browsers. Tanny's also implemented a print style sheet to make it easier to print your favorite posts from this blog. (Unlike most TypePad blog sites I read, you'll actually be able to print pages from this site!) In addition, Tanny's eliminated the annoying Microsoft Explorer problem that prevented highlighting sections of text.
Most of the impressive stuff, however, is hidden. The site design is actually very compact, transparent, and easy to modify. Over the coming weeks we will be testing several new features of the site design, including live video, customized skins, and more. These features that will become a part of my other sites as well.
Rather than send you to a static "Under Construction" page while we modify the site, we invite you to watch as we experiment with a variety of technologies to improve aspects of this site. Thanks for your patience.
Thanks, Tanny! Well done!
Comments, suggestions, and feedback on the design are all welcome.
Behind the curtain ... ProjectDX Content Management System For those of you who want to know what's behind the curtain, this web site is built on the outstanding ProjectDX content publishing engine, for Lotus Domino. (Formerly known as DominoBlog.) Tanny and I have worked with the ProjectDX Creator, Steve Castledine to help him test and integrate several features into his content publishing engine. If you use Lotus Notes and want to manage a web site, no matter how complex, you should look at this product. (It's free for personal use, by the way.) IBM recently hired Steve as part of their efforts to recruit top talent for Notes/Domino development. Way to go Steve!
Is it legal to scan and read
your own books on your Tablet PC?
to do, but is it legal?
A reader recently posted this question on my blog. I've been researching
the answer (it's not an easy or clear one) and I'd like to get a discussion
going on this topic. (If you have an opinion, feel free to comment.)
There are a number of other topics that I plan to post updates on, including:
Should bloggers eliminate comments from
their blog sites to improve productivity and remove the appearance of orphan
comment threads? It's a question I've pondered more than once. It takes
a lot of time to respond to the many comments and emails that I receive
each day. Yet, comments hanging without a response can create a feeling
of loose ends and may even make me look like I do not care. It's simply
a time issue. I wish I had the time to personally respond to each any every
comment on my blog,
While a blog author may serve or
prompt the main course, I find that it's often the people who post comments
that add the seasoning.
Never one to miss an opportunity to inspire me, my friend and brother in the Lord, Michael Sampson, just posted yet another message of inspiration, this time about my current selection of productivty tools
I know I can always depend on Michael to inspire me to think about greater things - even when I'm busy dealing with my own Tablet PC [mis]adventures. (Michael has the same M4 I do, so I know he relies on me and my blog to tell him what not to do.)
Michael's now dubbed me the deproductivity specialist. Ouch. I may have to drag out some archived podcasts that have never been aired ...
The photo abiove does not tell the real story. You'll have to read his post and follow the links to decipher the message. Even then, you may have to watch the movie.
Michael, you've been a great encouragement to me during these difficult times as I deal with my family health issues (and with my computer health issues). I appreciate your calls from NZ to check in on me, your prayers, and your friendship. I have just one question: in the picture above, you have an interesting smile; were you preparing to use Excalibur knight me or ...
This afternoon, while in a meeting with
Andrea, at David Allen's office, my Skype alert goes off. It's Buzz Bruggeman,
asking if "I'm there;" he wants to test Skype. I respond "No,
I'm not here - in a mtg." Of course, then Buzz drops the teaser line
- I'm in a Boeing Jet at 30,000 feet over Eastern Washington. He's testing
the new Connexion in-cabin internet service. (See what I miss
for not checking my RSS feed today?)
We tested Skype. I heard him just
fine, though he could not hear me. I cannot tell how much of an issue latency
will be. So, I guess it won't be long before the skies are no longer a
place of isolation.
I recently attended the Collaborative Technologies
Conference in New York City with my friend and colleague, Michael Sampson.
During the trip, we took many pictures and notes and we recorded several
podcasts. As time permits, I'll post some of those items. They won't all
be in order, I'm sure you'll find many of them interesting nonetheless.
If you want to follow along, be sure
to add this site's RSS feed to your RSS reader and your podcatcher.
Last night, when Buzz and David Allen were
here, Buzz show us some of his work at the Microsoft Search Champs project.
Buzz searched Google on various terms. For fun, I searched on "Tecra
M4" and found my blog, www.EricMackOnLine.com, was the
#1 returned search result.
(Searching for "Toshiba Tecra M4" is only slightly different.)
Not that he has more than a passing professional interest, apparently James
Surprisingly, no one at Toshiba or any of the other vendors, whose products
I've mentioned, have contacted me to see if they might help me resolve
the few remaining issues that I have blogged about. If they did, it
might help me reach the tipping point to finally become YABHTU.
If I were a vendor, and if I checked the search engines daily
for my product, and if I saw that the most popular search result
was from a guy who mostly loved my product, but who was having troubles,
I'd get on the phone immediately to find out if I could help him
resolve his issues.[hint]
Imagine what kind of customer evangelists, not to mention good PR, this
small investment of time would return.
Meanwhile, I'm fortunate to have made many new friends via my blog - friends
who have posted or sent email to help me resolve some of the issues that
I'm experiencing. I'm testing some of the suggestions and I'll post my
experiences as I go.
I'm not quite sure how the recent podcasts
happened. I never expected to do podcasts in this way: rough, unedited,
no music, no script. Yet, the podcast feedback I've received has
been amazing. Kathy thinks it's funny. I expected my first podcasts to
be much more dignified. In fact, I've been sitting on a few podcasts that
I did with David Allen when he was here to play in my digital sand box.
(We took a tour of the office and talked tech.) The reason that I've not
yet posted them on the blog is that I was waiting for a new site launch
or a more dignified opportunity. I have even created "dignified"
podcasts in the queue. Now, I'll have to rethink this while podcast thing.
But first, I need to get moved over to the new tablet, and before that
I need to get back to some client work. More to come.
A few people have reported that my DominoBlog
RSS feed may be broken. This may have something to do with the podcast
enclosures. I'd like to hear from anyone that is using a podcatcher to
retrieve my podcasts. Meanwhile, I'll remove the enclosures and see
what happens. I've also pinged Steve over at ProjectDX to see if he can
help me fix the issue. Thanks for your feedback.
Several people have written to inform me
of broken links.
There appears to be a bug with links that refer back to my own site. I'm
helping Steve Castledine test the latest release of his DominoBlog
Template. I'm pushing the envelope by running the latest beta release,
(Ver 3.0 Beta 2, RC15), so I expect to bump into a few problems from time
As far as I know, this problem does not exist in the current gold release
What happens when two guys, who are passionate
about technology - and who aren't afraid to challenge popular thinking
- blog about the same topic at the same time?
Michael Hyatt and I have been blogging about the benefits and drawbacks
of the Tablet PC technology. The discussion has been fun and has provoked
many comments and cross-posts on other blogs and forums.
Apparently, yesterday, we were both busily typing about Tablet PCs around
the same time. You can imagine my amusement when I logged in and saw this
on my favorite productivity aggregator site:
I quickly snapped a screen shot and sent it over to Michael. Michael wrote
This looks like one of those shots that should
go in the back of PC Magazine. Very funny!
Michael's posts and candor in discussions and on the web. Like me, Michael's
an explorer. For us, technology is just a tool. We have no problem trying
new technologies in order to find out what does and what does not work
for us. Who knows, perhaps next year, I'll be blogging about my PowerBook.
I Ditched My Tablet PC
Short version: The Tablet PC is an attention getter. At least that's
been Michael's experience. *
One more thing - check out my RSS
comment feed. Kim Snider's
just posted a comment about how, as a result of my blog and post about
the Fujitsu Tablet, she's YABHTU.
(I've sent Kim an email to find out what model, etc..) Congratulations,
Kim. I hope you will post an update on your blog.
* I'm sure that this will change over time. I remember bringing my Radio
Shack Model 100 to work. That
was distracting. (A bit of trivia: Apparently, the the Model 100 was the
last computer that had code in it handp-written by Bill.)
All that power in an 8 line by 40 chr display. Wow!
There's a lot going on over at The
David Allen Company. In case you
read David's blog by RSS only, David's blog has a new look.
Greg Fisk and Jim Rider have been busy with the design, while Robert and
Chirill have been busy integrating David's new blog site into the overall
DavidCo corporate web site architecture.
No, David's not moving away from Lotus Notes - it's still our core in-house
productivity application and we use it for almost everything behind the
scenes, including email, calendar, project tracking and shared discussion
and document databases, to name a few. I will continue to manage internal
technologies and various productivity initiatives. We're just changing
the way that the web side of things are handled. David's blog will now
be fully managed by the web team, headed up by Robert, Greg, and Chirill.
I'm making slow but steady progress on
the plans for the eProductivity.NET
blog site and podcasts. I plan to keep the specifics under wraps a little
while longer until I'm ready to launch. (For those who have already clicked
the link on the site,
no need to click again. When I'm ready, I'll send you an announcement and
a link to a special podcast and the RSS feed).
I'm working on the outline for the eProductivity.NET podcast show format.
I'm curious to know what your ideal podcast length is and why.
I am an avid reader of Eric Mack's blog because of the
new and interesting technologies that he talks about. One of these technologies
is Skype VOIP Phone service. Well, I tried calling Eric on Saturday night
using Skype and actually hesitated when connecting with him. Eric saw me
try to connect and called me back. (Eric, I think I fixed the volume control).
It was very exciting for me to finally speak with Eric. Well after a very
enjoyable conversation, Eric emailed me a really good article on setting
up an RSS feed. This article motivated me to setup these blog's over the
week-end. Thanks a lot Eric for helping me ...
Glad I could be an encouragement, Jim, and congratulations on the new